At a Glance Government People and Culture Tourism in Arunachal Pradesh Biodiversity Directory

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Medicinal Plants

Toko(Palm Tree)

Cymtridum Orchid


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The fauna of Arunachal Pradesh is equally rich with as many as 25 species of mammals included in Schedule – I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
The large herbivours of the foot-hills and adjoining plains are the elephant (Elephas maximus), gaur (Bos gaurus) and the wild buffalo (Bubalus bufalis).
Arunachal Pradesh is perhaps the only State which has four major cats, i.e. tiger (Panthera tigris), leopard (Panthera pardus), clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa) and snow leopard (Panthera uncia). Lesser cats like the golden cat, leopard cat and the marbled cat are also found here.
Seven species of primates i.e. hoolock gibbon, slow loris, Assamese macaque, rhesus macaque, pig-tailed macaque, stump-tailed macaque, and capped langur also occur in the forests of the State. This is the only state where all the 3 goat antelopes occurring in India, i.e. serow, goral and takin are found. The highly endangered hispid hare (caprolagus hispidus) is also found in low grassy areas of the State.
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Among the smaller mammals several Rodents (squirrel, porcupine and rats), Civets, mongoose, linsang, shrew and bat species are also to be found. On higher elevations, animals like goral, Himalayan black bear, red panda, are met with in various parts of the State. Over 500 bird species inhabit Arunachal Pradesh including some endangered and endemic ones like, white winged wood duck, Sclater’s Monal, Temmincks Tragopan, black necked crane, Mishmi wren and Bengal florican. duck.jpg (16471 bytes)
The 'Mithun' (Bos Frontails) exist both in wild and semi-domesticated form. This animal has religious significance and intimate relation with socio-cultural life of the people. Traditionally, the mithun is a unit of wealth and is allowed to move freely in jungle till it is either used for food on festive occasions and marriage feasts, or for barter. Mithun - The State Animal
Arunachal Pradesh is also the happy home of the great Indian Hornbills-the set extraordinary bird with an inordinately large beak which is also the State bird.The white winged wood duck, a rare endangered species, has been sheltered in Namdapha National Park. Namdapha sanctuary was upgraded to the status of National park in 1983. Hornbill - the State Bird

There are two national parks and nine wild life sanctuaries in the State managed by the forest department.

National Parks :  

blink.gif (270 bytes)   Namdapha                                                                           

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Wildlife sanctuaries : There are eight wildlife sanctuaries. 
Pakhui,  Itanagar,  Daying Ering, Mehao, Kane, Eagle's Nest, Kamlang, Mehao
A brief description about the wildlife sanctuaries is presented below :      

Pakhui :
Location --> East Kameng District ; Area --> 862 sq. km ; Wild life inhabitant --> Elephants, Tiger, Barking Deer, Gour, Leopard, Hornbill etc.

Itanagar :
Location --> Papumpare District ; Area --> 140.30 sq. km ; Wild life inhabitant --> Elephants, Tiger, Barking Deer,  Leopard, various bird species and orchid species.

Daying Ering :
Location --> East Siang District ; Area --> 190 sq. km ; Wild life inhabitant -->   Hogdeer, Lispid bear, endemic, migratory birds and migratory water birds

Mehao :
Location --> Dibang Valley and Lohit District ; Area --> 281.5 sq. km ; Wild life inhabitant --> Hoolock, Gibbon, Tiger, Elephant,  Leopard, etc.

Kane :
Location --> West Siang District ; Area --> 55 sq. km ; Wild life inhabitant --> Elephants, Mall cat, Deer etc.

Eagle's Nest :
Location --> East Kameng District ; Area --> 217 sq. km ; Wild life inhabitant --> Elephants, Goral, Tiger, Leopard, Red pardor etc.

Kamlang :
Location --> Lohit District ; Area --> 783 sq. km ; Wild life inhabitant --> Gibbon,   Tiger, Leopard, Takin etc.

Dibang :
Location --> Dibang Valley District ; Area --> 4149 sq. km ; Wild life inhabitant --> Musk Deer, Takin, Black Bear,  Leopard, Khalij and rare birds etc.

Apart from this there is one Orchid Sanctuary :

Sessa Orchid Sanctuary :
Location --> West Kameng District Area --> 100 sq. km ; Species : variety of Orchids and some wild life like Red Panda, Pheasant, Scrow, Goral etc.

Deer found in Arunachal Pradesh
Wild Bear
Magpie bird
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